Alexis de Tocqueville
Alexis de Tocqueville

French political thinker and historian

Alexis Charles Henri Clérel, comte de Tocqueville (French: [alɛksi də tɔkvil]; 29 July 1805 – 16 April 1859), colloquially known as Tocqueville (), was a French aristocrat, diplomat, political scientist, political philosopher and historian. He is best known for his works Democracy in America (appearing in two volumes, 1835 and 1840) and The Old Regime and the Revolution (1856). In both, he analysed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies. Democracy in America was published after Tocqueville's travels in the United States and is today considered an early work of sociology and political science. Tocqueville was active in French politics, first under the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and then during the Second Republic (1849–1851) which succeeded the February 1848 Revolution. He retired from political life after Louis Napoléon Bonaparte's 2 December 1851 coup and thereafter began work on The Old Regime and the Revolution. Tocqueville argued the importance of the French Revolution was to continue the process of modernizing and centralizing the French state which had begun under King Louis XIV. The failure of the Revolution came from the inexperience of the deputies who were too wedded to abstract Enlightenment ideals. Tocqueville was a classical liberal who advocated parliamentary government and was skeptical of the extremes of democracy. During his time in parliament, he sat on the centre-left, but the complex and restless nature of his liberalism has led to contrasting interpretations and admirers across the political spectrum. Regarding his political position, Tocqueville wrote "the word 'left' is [...] the word I wanted to attach to my name so that it would remain attached to it forever".

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quoted-in Communities of Journalism on 5/6/2019, 9:44:41 AM

Opinion Polls and the Media references Alexis de Tocqueville on 6/1/2019, 1:19:03 PM

"In the United States, the majority undertakes to supply a multitude of ready-made opinions for the use of individuals who are thus relieved from the necessity of forming opinions of their own." authored-by Alexis de Tocqueville on 9/23/2019, 5:55:21 PM

"By whatever political laws men are governed in ages of equality, it may be foreseen that faith in public opinion will become for them a species of religion, and the majority its ministering prophet." authored-by Alexis de Tocqueville on 9/23/2019, 6:05:26 PM

The Idea of the Culture Industry references Alexis de Tocqueville on 2/29/2020, 7:50:27 PM

Reflections on America references Alexis de Tocqueville on 3/2/2020, 2:00:20 AM